SISKIND, AARON (1903–1991), U.S. photographer and teacher. Born in New York City, he attended City College of New York, where he graduated with a degree in literature in 1926. Siskind then taught English in New York public schools, only taking up photography as a pastime. In 1930, he joined the Photo League, a group of photographers who confirmed their solidarity with the political far left by creating documentary photos with social content. Under their auspices, Siskind produced photos of Harlem and of Bucks County, Pennsylvania, among other subjects. As the head of the Feature Group of the League, Siskind and others created the Harlem Document (1937–40), recording the overcrowded African-American New York neighborhood in a push for social justice. During the 1940s, Siskind's work reflected a growing interest in photographing natural objects from a close perspective, which lent his images an abstract quality only hinted at in his earlier documentary photographs. Organic material, such as leaves, or social detritus, such as defaced walls, muddied papers, weathered woods, and rusted metals, occupied Siskind's pictoral interest in their flatness and reservoir of rich indexical detail, like shadows, smudges, and graffiti. Between 1947 and 1951, he exhibited frequently at the Charles Egan Gallery, where many of the Abstract Expressionists exhibited. Siskind himself is considered one of the only Abstract Expressionists working in photography. He taught at Black Mountain College in 1951, and then at the Illinois Institute of Technology in   Chicago between 1951 and 1971, where he became director of the department of photography. In 1959, he published his first book Aaron Siskind: Photographs. Between 1971 and 1976, he taught at the Rhode Island School of Design. He was a founder and member of the Society for Photographic Education and the Visual Studies Workshop, Rochester, New York. He received many prestigious awards, including a grant from the National Endowment for the Arts, the Guggenheim Foundation, and the Governor's Prize for the Arts, Rhode Island. His work is in the collections of numerous institutions, including the Eastman House Museum, Getty Museum, the National Gallery of Art, and the Smithsonian American Art Museum. His work has been exhibited at many museums and galleries, including the Art Institute of Chicago, the Jewish Museum, New York, the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, and the Museum of Modern Art. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Aaron Siskind, Photographer (1965), incl. bibl.; D. Anfram, Abstract Expressionism (1990); M. Kozloff, New York: Capital of Photography (2002). (Nancy Buchwald (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Siskind, Aaron — born Dec. 4, 1903, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Feb. 8, 1991, Providence, R.I. U.S. photographer, teacher, and editor. He began to photograph in 1932 while teaching English in a public school. While documenting the Great Depression, he attended as… …   Universalium

  • Siskind, Aaron — (4 dic. 1903, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.–8 feb. 1991, Providence, R.I.). Fotógrafo, profesor y editor estadounidense. Comenzó a fotografiar en 1932 mientras enseñaba inglés en una escuela pública. En su trabajo de documentar la gran depresión,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Aaron Siskind — (4 de diciembre de 1903 en Nueva York; 8 de febrero de 1991 en Providence, Rhode Island) fue un fotógrafo norteamericano, desarrolló una fotografía abstracto expresionista, por lo que es una figura clave en el arte moderno de Estados Unidos… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Aarón — Aarón(אַהֲרֹן;) fue el hermano de Moisés y se le considera como el fundador tradicional del sacerdocio judío, junto a Moisés condujo a Israelitas fuera de Egipto. Pertenecía a la tribu de leví. Aarón murió según relata la biblia en el monte Hor… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Aaron — /air euhn, ar /, n. 1. the older brother of Moses, usually regarded as the first high priest of the Hebrews. Ex. 28; 40:13 16. 2. Henry Louis (Hank), born 1934, U.S. baseball player. 3. a male given name. * * * I flourished 14th century BC… …   Universalium

  • Aaron Siskind — (* 4. Dezember 1903 in New York; † 8. Februar 1991 in Providence, Rhode Island) war ein US amerikanischer Fotograf. Er entwickelte eine abstrakt expressionistische Fotografie, die ihn zu einer Schlüsselfigur in der modernen amerikanischen Kunst… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aaron Siskind — (1903 1991) was an American abstract expressionist photographer. In his biography he wrote that he began his foray into photography when he received a camera for a wedding gift and began taking pictures on his honeymoon. He quickly realized the… …   Wikipedia

  • Siskind — ist der Familienname von: Aaron Siskind (1903–1991), US amerikanischer Fotograf Jacob Siskind (* 1928), kanadischer Musikkritiker Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichnete …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Siskind — Sịskind,   Aaron, amerikanischer Fotograf, * New York 4. 12. 1903, ✝ Paw Tucket (R. I.) 8. 2. 1991; arbeitete in den 1930er Jahren an sozialkritischen Fotodokumentationen u. a. über die Slums von Harlem. Ab 1945 entwickelte er mit seinen… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Meatyard — Ralph Eugene Meatyard (* 15. Mai 1925 in Normal, Illinois; † 7. Mai 1972 in Lexington, Kentucky) war ein amerikanischer Fotograf. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Veröffentlichungen 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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